Evidence That Ancient Civilizations Had Advanced Scientific Knowledge


These days, we think we’re all pretty awesome,
with our snapchats and twitters and whatnot. But while our technology is pretty impressive,
it turns out people thousands of years ago already knew things we’re only now starting
to figure out. Here’s some evidence that ancient civilizations
had advanced scientific knowledge. The Baghdad Battery The first commercial batteries were produced
in 1836 after decades of experimentation. But the first known battery actually dates
back more than 2000 years earlier. Known as the Baghdad Battery, this ancient
device was discovered in 1938 and works in remarkably similar fashion to modern batteries:
inside is an iron rod surrounded by a copper cylinder, which, when filled with vinegar
or other electrolytic liquid, produces less than two volts of electricity. Scientists are still trying to figure out
what the ancients used it for. Current theories point to the batteries being
used for electroplating precious metals in the process of gilding. That’s cool and all, but can it keep a phone
charged for longer than a single day? Because that’s the miracle battery society
really needs. Chinese earthquake detector A Scottish physicist invented the modern seismograph
in 1841, but a Chinese inventor named Zhang Heng beat him by 1700 years, building a device
that could detect earthquakes way back in the year 132. His contraption was a large bronze vessel
nearly six feet in diameter that would release a brass ball whenever there was an earthquake
anywhere in the entire country, indicating the general direction of the disturbance. According to legend, the device dropped one
of these balls in the year 138, indicating an earthquake had struck in the direction
of the capital city of Luoyang. People in the capital felt nothing, so they
assumed the device didn’t work. But days later a messenger arrived telling
of an earthquake far to the west of the city, proving that not only did the detector work,
it was even more sensitive than they believed possible. The Antikythera Mechanism Without a handy GPS to do the work for them,
ancient mariners had to rely on the movement of the planets and stars to navigate the seas. But they did have some help in the form of
a tremendously complex device known today as the Antikythera Mechanism, which originated
on the isle of Rhodes way back in the year 205 BCE. Exactly how it worked is unclear, as the only
known example still in existence is rusted and missing parts. But it had ingenious clock-like gears a full
millennium before that technology was previously known to have existed, as well as seven clock-like
hands that charted the location of the Sun and Moon as well as the five known planets
at that time, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. A rotating silver ball charted moon phases,
while solar and lunar calendars kept track of eclipses. The mechanism could actually predict with
great accuracy the position of the stars years — and even decades — in the future. Damascus Steel Dating back to around the third century, Damascus
steel was an incredibly tough and shatter-resistant type of steel that could hold its edge far
longer than traditional steel. Knowledge of exactly how it was made, though,
was lost in the 17th century, with modern science only now decoding its secrets. Modern analysis of several Damascus blades
has found the existence of carbon nanotubes. These tubes help to make the blades both superplastic
and incredibly durable. The nanotubes appear to be the result of using
wood fibers in the manufacture of the wootz steel ingots that went into making Damascus
Steel. But it wasn’t until 1991 that modern science
even knew of the existence of carbon nanotubes. And even though the last Damascus steel blade
was manufactured hundreds of years ago, they are still superior to most grades of steel
used in large-scale manufacturing today. While science has nearly cracked the code
of Damascus Steel, though, there are still other ancient metals that have defied understanding. Case in point: The Iron Pillar of Delhi, which
has withstood the elements for over 1,600 years without rusting. It’s not the only one in India either, but
why this iron doesn’t rust and how it was made is still an unsolved mystery. The Lycurgus Cup Dating back to around the fourth century,
the Lycurgus Cup is green — except when it’s red. Yes, when lit from different angles, the cup’s
color changes completely. The phenomenon puzzled scientists for decades,
but eventually the modern world created a little something called nanotechnology, and
that’s when everything fell into place. Turns out the ancient Romans had figured out
how to imbue the glass with nano-bits of gold and precious metals a hundred times smaller
than a grain of table salt. Researchers studying the cup have discovered
that it can also change colors depending on the chemical composition of the liquids inside. The discovery has led to breakthroughs in
nanotechnology that could enable future tech, like Star Trek style tricorders that could
scan for pathogens in blood or saliva. “Fascinating” Göbekli Tepe The ancients weren’t just great at working
with metal and glass. They also were really good with stone, in
ways modern science still hasn’t figured out. For instance, Göbekli Tepe is the oldest
known build site in human history, dating back 12,000 years. This is supposedly before humanity had figured
out how to even make pottery, much less metal tools, which is why the precise stonework
on display is such a puzzle. The Aeolipile The first practical steam engine was patented
in 1698 by Thomas Savery, with James Watt’s 1781 model transforming the world through
the Industrial Revolution. When it comes to impractical steam engines,
though, the ancient Greeks had it on lockdown. First described by Heron of Alexandria in
the first century, this working steam engine has no known function other than just, like…
spinning and stuff. Considering how much it turns out we don’t
know about ancient technology, though, chances are it’s actually a time machine or something. Those guys knew what they were doing. Thanks for watching! Click the Grunge icon to subscribe to our
YouTube channel. Plus check out all this cool stuff we know
you’ll love, too!

48 Comments

  1. pooplord poopsen said:

    HI GRUNGE

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  2. Aquabeing1 said:

    Forgot the Indian rustless iron pillar of Dehli mate

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  3. Fifty One said:

    It's b.c not b.c.e

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  4. jesse haaland said:

    I just try to keep it simple. like this one time, I ate a pile of back pimples.

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  5. jesse haaland said:

    the unsolved mysteries theme song still scares me. I pee my pants when I see that shows clips on my uncles recorded vhs tapes. he plays those tapes just so I pee my pants. I should stop going over there.

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  6. Conahan Barbarian said:

    The explanation of herons steam ball was a bit underwhelming. You could have mentioned that if it had been studied more and perhaps combined with early knowledge of pistons, we could have had an industrial revolution a few thousand years early.

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  7. seadooman o said:

    yep and thats y they are not here any more

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  8. Jon Dowe said:

    4:22 One hundred times smaller is impossible. Things get bigger when they're multiplied one hundred times.

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  9. Don Mega said:

    if they had advanced scientific knowledge they wouldn't be building their houses out of poo and temples from rocks lol. they'd be using space age alloys even we haven't discovered yet.

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  10. Jeffrey314159 said:

    THIS IS ALL MULTICULTURALIST HYPE, junk science that propels the 'Ancient Aliens' crowd..

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  11. Curt Christensen said:

    incredible!!! people keep putting modern batteries. in dirt for a while and then pretending that its ancient. idiots will believe anything

    March 26, 2017
    Reply
  12. said:

    ClickSpring is make an Antikythera Mechanism on his channel! look em up

    March 27, 2017
    Reply
  13. Grunge said:

    What was the most interesting piece of scientific knowledge from the ancient world for you?

    March 27, 2017
    Reply
  14. Dawn Nonya said:

    Awesome vid, I really liked it. I knew about most of it already but I really liked your short vid you had demonstrating it. I didn't know about the The Lycurgus Cup or the Iron Piller of Delhi which was cool to learn about. Great video thanks 🙂

    March 28, 2017
    Reply
  15. Andrew Holdaway said:

    baghdad batteries, not batteries. Damascus steel, accident. Indian pillars, very pure wrought iron (and they are starting to corrode with the recent massive increase in pollution). The rest, clever, but hardly advanced technology.

    March 30, 2017
    Reply
  16. TitanMode said:

    LOL Gobekli Tepe is not the oldest men made structure, stop lying. Puma Punku in Bolivia is way older, Adam's Calendar is the oldest men made structures and then near Japan pre ice age underwater tempels.

    March 31, 2017
    Reply
  17. splocend said:

    Wow, not one mention of Ancient black African technology which came at 200,000 years before most this especially the Sans people. Dogma who were able to figure out the position of Sirus constellation using ancient technology as far back as 1-2 million years ago. But not one mention of that. Hatred off black people is strong. Mentioned white (Roman) Asian, middle eastern, Greek and Indian culture.

    April 1, 2017
    Reply
  18. Try-One VH#22 said:

    The caption sounds like people from the beginning were dumb. But the ones who been trying to figure things out for so long are Dumbass..Right?

    April 2, 2017
    Reply
  19. morelli tech said:

    sticks and stones may break my bones but metal alloys are scientific.

    April 4, 2017
    Reply
  20. Donnie Montoya said:

    I appreciate the fact that you didn't talk about these like it's only a conspiracy theory or aliens. Humans are pretty neat.

    April 7, 2017
    Reply
  21. Masked Man said:

    how about woolz steel in Asia

    April 8, 2017
    Reply
  22. Big Cow Productions said:

    B.C.*

    April 13, 2017
    Reply
  23. osbely said:

    The batteries were used to electrify
    nipple clamps.

    April 19, 2017
    Reply
  24. John Ferdon said:

    Or could this be evidence of time travel????

    April 21, 2017
    Reply
  25. Spider Mcgavenport said:

    The city of Batman in Turkey. but during my military service Ephesus Turkey beings to mind ancient technology.

    April 29, 2017
    Reply
  26. Marc Sainte-Marie said:

    Fascinating, I had to get the triple 7… not good. The serving Gov sure push out History books with faulty impressions.
    So much smart good came out of old superstitious old past not like Vatican religious science with Evolution and Big Bang tales.

    May 1, 2017
    Reply
  27. F Huber said:

    What if…

    The extinction of the dinosaurs was not due to a giant meteorite,but was the true MOAB (Mother of all bombs) ? A nuclear device long enough ago that all of the fallout has decayed away now.

    The story of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Bible resembles a nuclear attack on a civilization.

    This would explain a lot of the strange technology found all over the planet, and some fossilized human footprints that appear to date back to the time of the dinosaurs.

    May 4, 2017
    Reply
  28. Blade Runner said:

    That battery can be homemade.. And survive somehow..who not try make battery at home today?

    July 22, 2017
    Reply
  29. Christopher Aaron said:

    Prove that the Baghdad battery is a battery. Prove it. Because the electroplating hypothesis is not the only one.

    October 13, 2017
    Reply
  30. Johnny Martin Johansen said:

    Nothing to see here. It's EXACTLY the same as in 99.99% of these type of videos.

    November 24, 2017
    Reply
  31. Mc Plot said:

    I would not call it "Advanced technology". I would say that they knew more than we gave them credit for. Europeans would show up, consider the indigenous population idiots, force them into a new religion, and destroy their civilization and recorded history. So now, we are surprised that these people weren't complete idiots like we were told they are.

    December 7, 2017
    Reply
  32. Dan V. said:

    I've forgotten where I read that Pythagoras 345 right triangle formula was known to carpenters long before Pythagoras published it.

    February 11, 2018
    Reply
  33. fucheduck said:

    there were civilizations on Earth before recorded history. in fact, humans don't get dibs on the monopoly. we have no evidence that there were because there is no evidence since the ruins are dust but there is not evidence that there were NOT civilizations even 20,000 100,000 or a million years ago or even 100,million years ago! why dienigh it!

    May 4, 2018
    Reply
  34. ShadoeFax said:

    The fuck is up with the changing of voices

    June 13, 2018
    Reply
  35. SMGJohn said:

    Damascus steel is weaker than modern steel, stop pretending.
    The methods of making the Iron Pillar that stands in Delhi has already been found decades ago.

    There just so many inaccuracies in this video is mind boggling even wikipedia is more accurate.
    Also the pretentious retarded quotes like "Science does not understand even today" is just moronic, there fucking nothing in this list that science do not understand.
    Its just dumb.

    June 27, 2018
    Reply
  36. Femari Ly said:

    "…but can it keep a phone charged for longer than a single day?" Must be an Apple user

    April 16, 2019
    Reply
  37. antso12 said:

    More probe that the evolution theory is a lie!

    May 4, 2019
    Reply
  38. SlimDaddy9 said:

    This is crap because of your bias against ancient civilizations, you will never find the truth – even when it stares you in the face.

    Gobekli Tepe isn't the oldest site. The oldest sites are in Africa, the place and the people you least want to give any due credit to.

    The Antikathera(?) device would be an African Egyptian invention because every one of the so-called great Greeks went to school in Ancient Egypt to receive the very education that they've been revered for. The records are clear. Even Hippocrates says that he's the child of Arscalapius in his "Hippocratic Oath." Aescalapius is the Greek name of the first recorded multi-genious, Imhotep. The same who was Grand Vizier to King Djoser and builder of the Step Pyramid.

    Funny how these dots have always been there, but you can't even see them, much less connect them.

    As for the oldest site, that could be the Great Pyramid itself. According to the late John Anthony West and Dr Robert Schock, its age may actually be upwards of 20,000 to 36,000 years old.

    It's been clear to me for decades that racism lies on science to embolden and justify white supremacy. The global archeological community is a case in point.

    You only prove the point with your lackluster presentation. You have no idea what's really going on.

    May 21, 2019
    Reply
  39. Insert Name Here said:

    BCE? Really? You sound like an idiot when you use BCE. Its BC stupid

    May 31, 2019
    Reply
  40. Just Facts said:

    Mans greatest achievement, the Great Pyramid of Giza.

    June 9, 2019
    Reply
  41. Pro Kganyago said:

    I wish they
    said video games

    June 19, 2019
    Reply
  42. Tony Snark said:

    They could've easily put a belt or something on the steam engine and powered small drills and such.

    July 4, 2019
    Reply
  43. After Asteroid Survivor said:

    The ancients were just overall better.

    August 20, 2019
    Reply
  44. semaj epits said:

    All of history is a lie. No where near the truth

    September 15, 2019
    Reply
  45. eaStudio HD said:

    Ofc they, we are using things they invented back then

    September 27, 2019
    Reply
  46. Sdach3Sach said:

    Wasn’t the thumbnail was angkorwat?

    October 22, 2019
    Reply
  47. Piotr kukliński said:

    Now everyone uses calculators or writes down their calculations,3 thousand years ago people did all the calculations in their heads.They were a lot smarter back then,must have been,look at the pyramids and shit,and no trace of blueprints or explanation on how they build it.

    November 1, 2019
    Reply
  48. Rudyard Kipling said:

    The Antikythera mechanism is Archimedes device, he wrote about it, sketched it, how the hell is people still hung up on this. no mystery none whatsoever

    November 4, 2019
    Reply

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